Gum (Periodontal) Disease
People who do not maintain good daily oral hygiene will develop gingivitis (gum inflammation) which if left untreated can progress to periodontitis (severe gum/bone inflammation).  In this process the gum detaches form the tooth causing bone and eventually tooth loss.  The signs and symptoms of periodontal disease are bleeding gums, bad breath, redness or swelling of the gums, receding gums, sensitivity, abscess and loose teeth.  Note that the medical and dental research, over the past two decades, have shown that periodontal disease links to more serious conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and more.
To treat the disease, we starts with the evaluation of your oral hygiene techniques (brushing and flossing) and instruction for improving them, followed by the professional deep cleaning which is the mechanical removal of plaque, tartar or calculus.
 
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to brush your teeth twice a day and floss your teeth every night after dinner and before bed. The regular dental checkups and professional cleanings every 3 to 6 months are important part of maintaining oral health.